What is the difference between FCL and LCL?
The goods in the container/container are shipped by multiple shippers or received by multiple consignees.
The entire container/container is shipped by a shipper or by a consignee.
According to the quantity and method of container cargo packing, it can be divided into two types: full container and consolidation.
(1) Full Container Load (FCL). It refers to the container that is checked in by the container after the cargo has filled the whole container by itself. This situation is usually used when the owner has enough cargo to load one or several full boxes. Except for some large cargo owners who have their own containers, they usually rent certain containers from the carrier or container leasing company. After the empty container is transported to the factory or warehouse, under the supervision of the customs officers, the cargo owner puts the goods into the box, locks them, seals the aluminum and then delivers the carrier and obtains the receipt of the station. Finally, the receipt is exchanged for the bill of lading or the waybill.
(2) Less Than Container Load (LCL). It means that the carrier (or agent) accepts the small amount of the consignment of the consignor and then sorts the goods according to the nature and destination of the goods. Goods of the same destination are concentrated in a certain number of boxes. Since the goods of different cargo owners in a box are assembled together, they are called LCL. This situation is used when the number of shipments of the owner is insufficient to fill the entire container. The sorting, sorting, concentration, packing (unboxing), delivery and other work of LCL goods are carried out at the carrier's terminal container freight station or inland container transfer station.