Suggestions and countermeasures for the development of China-Europe and Central Asia
As a fast onshore route across the Eurasian continent, the China-Europe train not only concerns national security strategies, but also acts as a bridge and link to the “Belt and Road”. To solve some problems in the operation of China-Europe trains, it is necessary to integrate resources, scientific coordination, and strengthen market leadership and operation management.
1. Establish a coordination mechanism at the international level between China and Europe. As international trade involves issues such as customs clearance and security, it is necessary to communicate and coordinate with foreign customs, railway, and security departments, and regions and logistics companies lack the experience and capabilities of international negotiations. Therefore, it is recommended to establish a service platform at the national level and establish a coordination mechanism at the international level between China and Europe. Find the points of interest in the countries along the China-Europe train line and promote mutual trust. Therefore, the establishment of a coordination mechanism at the international level between China and Europe, and the establishment of a high-level "China-Europe Railway International Coordination Committee" with the participation of countries along the route, to provide a platform for communication and consultation between countries, international organizations and regions along the route In order to coordinate and solve various problems and help to remove various obstacles that may be encountered in international trade.
2. Make overall plans to integrate and improve the utilization rate of China-Europe trains. Due to the overlap of multiple lines and long-distance routes between China and Europe, the competition between trains will not be avoided. Therefore, the top-level design and overall planning should be strengthened first. At present, China Railway Container Transport Company is already doing "six unifications", including unified transportation organization, unified price, unified brand, and so on. Secondly, clarify the functional positioning, industrial layout, resource integration and other major matters of the provinces, districts and cities along the line, avoid repeated positioning, optimize the layout of transportation routes and distribution routes, and make coordinated logistics administrative planning between regions to achieve large-scale Cost-effectiveness.
3. Take the "1 + N" model to select distribution points and organize return cargo. The "1 + N" model refers to the development of N distribution points based on the existing route, extending from the line and the end point, and establishing a collection point for returning goods. It is necessary to analyze the content, value, and trend of products shipped back from Europe to China in depth, and to find stable sources of backhaul, especially high-value-added sources. For example, Yuxinou has established distribution points in Russia and Poland, and is also responsible for collecting goods; extending from Germany, consider setting up new distribution points and collection points in Antwerp, Belgium and Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and in France, Italy The establishment of branch points is also under study. According to the plan, the radiation outside Yuxin Europe will include Central Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East. Once the return cargo problem is resolved and the return train is normalized, the operating cost of Yuxinou will be reduced from the current container freight rate of about 0.7 USD / km to 0.6 USD / km.